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Since the mid-nineteenth century, there has been talk in Calais about leaving the memory of great people for years to come. To do this, it was necessary to create a monument in which you can see the feelings of the French: unpleasant sensations due to surrender, and the worship of the heroic dedication of his people.
But the administration did not have the means to order the monument from famous masters. And in 1884, Devavrin, the mayor of Calais arranged a collection of donations for the monument on lists. And the work was ordered by Roden.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the sculptor's work was considered controversial. Therefore, everyone was waiting. Rodin worked on the composition from 1884 to 1888. It was expected that one of the figures would be a symbol of Eustache de Saint-Pierre.
All monuments were carried out earlier on pedestals. But Rodin did not begin to make it. He believed that sculptures at the same height as the audience would look better. Although the figures were made above ordinary people.
For the first time, the townspeople saw the finished composition in 1889. Everyone was delighted with the work done. And the official opening ceremony of the monument took place a few years later in 1895 in Calais. But the authorities made sure that the sculptures were installed on a small pedestal and fenced. But Rodin wanted his work to be at the very bottom. Therefore, his will was able to fulfill in 1924, after the sculptor died.
Rodin's composition was all permeated with dramatic content. An expression of tension froze on the faces of the sculptures. But each figure has its own characteristic. Since the sculptor created a contrast between them. This is observed in the poses and gestures of each hero. The complete static character of the figures, their unusual dynamism is traced. The expression in all the features of the created creation is felt.